Jupiter by Willian Lilly ancient Astrology
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System. It is a giant planet with a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun, but two and a half times that of all the other planets in the Solar System combined. Jupiter is a gas giant, along with Saturn, with the other two giant planets, Uranus and Neptune, being ice giants. Jupiter was known to astronomers of ancient times. The Romans named it after their god Jupiter. When viewed from Earth, Jupiter can reach an apparent magnitude of –2.94, bright enough for its reflected light to cast shadows, and making it on average the third-brightest object in the night sky after the Moon and Venus.
Jupiter represents power. Its qualities differ according to its aspects. Its symbol is an eagle; because it enables man to rise up by its power into their heighest regions of thought, even to the throne of the Eternal. It is, or ought to be, therefore, the ruling planet for ecclesiastics and clergymen, and those who have to deal with the administration of justice. Its influence gives eloquence. It is friendly with all the rest of the planets except ♂; the latter being loved by none except ♀. In the mineral kingdom it is represented by tin; in the spiritual realm by Jupiter, the king of the gods, who obtain their power through him.
Jupiter, also Jove, is the god of sky and thunder and king of the gods in Ancient Roman religion and mythology. Jupiter was the chief deity of Roman state religion throughout the Republican and Imperial eras, until Christianity became the dominant religion of the Empire. In Roman mythology, he negotiates with Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, to establish principles of Roman religion such as sacrifice.
Zeus was the sky and thunder god in ancient Greek religion, who ruled as king of the gods of Mount Olympus. His name is cognate with the first element of his Roman equivalent Jupiter.
Zeus is the child of Cronus and Rhea, the youngest of his siblings to be born, though sometimes reckoned the eldest as the others required disgorging from Cronus’s stomach. In most traditions, he is married to Hera, by whom he is usually said to have fathered Ares, Hebe, and Hephaestus. At the oracle of Dodona, his consort was said to be Dione, by whom the Iliad states that he fathered Aphrodite. Zeus was also infamous for his erotic escapades. These resulted in many godly and heroic offspring, including Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Persephone, Dionysus, Perseus, Heracles, Helen of Troy, Minos, and the Muses.
He was respected as an allfather who was chief of the gods and assigned the others to their roles: “Even the gods who are not his natural children address him as Father, and all the gods rise in his presence.” He was equated with many foreign weather gods, permitting Pausanias to observe “That Zeus is king in heaven is a saying common to all men”. His symbols are the thunderbolt, eagle, bull, and oak. In addition to his Indo-European inheritance, the classical “cloud-gatherer” (Greek: Νεφεληγερέτα, Nephelēgereta) also derives certain iconographic traits from the cultures of the Ancient Near East, such as the scepter. Zeus is frequently depicted by Greek artists in one of two poses: standing, striding forward with a thunderbolt leveled in his raised right hand, or seated in majesty.
XIV. TO JUPITER.
The FUMIGATION from STORAX.
O Jove much-honored, Jove supremely great,
To thee our holy rites we consecrate,
Our prayers and expiations, king divine,
For all things round thy head exalted shine.
The earth is thine, and mountains swelling high,
The sea profound, and all within the sky.
Saturnian king, descending from above,
Magnanimous, commanding, sceptred Jove;
All-parent, principle and end of all,
Whose power almighty, shakes this earthly ball;
Even Nature trembles at thy mighty nod,
Loud-sounding, armed with lightning, thundering God.
Source of abundance, purifying king,
O various-formed from whom all natures spring;
Propitious hear my prayer, give blameless health,
With peace divine, and necessary wealth.
XV. TO JUNO.
The FUMIGATION from AROMATICS.
O Royal Juno of majestic mien,
Aerial-formed, divine, Jove’s blessed queen,
Throned in the bosom of cærulean air,
The race of mortals is thy constant care.
The cooling gales thy power alone inspires,
Which nourish life, which every life desires.
Mother of clouds and winds, from thee alone
Producing all things, mortal life is known:
All natures share thy temperament divine,
And universal sway alone is thine.
With founding blasts of wind, the swelling sea
And rolling rivers roar, when shook by thee.
Come, blessed Goddess, famed almighty queen,
With aspect kind, rejoicing and serene.
XVIII. TO THUNDRING JOVE.
The FUMIGATION from STORAX.
O Father Jove, who shakest with fiery light
The world deep-sounding from thy lofty height:
From thee, proceeds the ætherial lightning’s blaze,
Flashing around intolerable rays.
Thy sacred thunders shake the blest abodes,
The shining regions of the immortal Gods:
Thy power divine, the flaming lightning shrouds,
With dark investiture, in fluid clouds.
’Tis thine to brandish thunders strong and dire,
To scatter storms, and dreadful darts of fire;
With roaring flames involving all around,
And bolts of thunder of tremendous sound.
Thy rapid dart can raise the hair upright,
And shake the heart of man with wild afright.
Sudden, unconquered, holy, thundering God,
With noise unbounded, flying all abroad;
With all-devouring force, entire and strong,
Horrid, untamed, thou rollest the flames along.
Rapid, ætherial bolt, descending fire,
The earth all-parent, trembles at thy ire;
The sea all-shining; and each beast that hears
The sound terrific, with dread horror fears:
When Nature’s face is bright with flashing fire,
And in the heavens resound thy thunders dire.
Thy thunders white, the azure garments tear,
And burst the veil of all surrounding air.
O Jove, all-blessed, may thy wrath severe,
Hurled in the bosom of the deep appear,
And on the tops of mountains be revealed,
For thy strong arm is not from us concealed.
Propitious to these sacred rites incline,
And crown my wishes with a life divine:
Add royal health, and gentle peace beside,
With equal reason, for my constant guide.
XIX. To JOVE, as the AUTHOR of LIGHTNING.
The FUMIGATION from FRANKINCENSE and MANNA.
I Call the mighty, holy, splendid light,
Aerial, dreadful-sounding, fiery-bright;
Flaming, aerial-light, with angry voice,
Lightning through lucid clouds with horrid noise.
Untamed, to whom resentments dire belong,
Pure, holy power, all-parent, great and strong:
Come, and benevolent these rites attend,
And grant my days a peaceful, blessed end.
CHAPTER IX Of the Planet Jupiter, and his Signification.
Jupiter is placed next to Saturn (amongst the Ancients) you shall sometimes finde him called Zeus, or Phaeton: He is the greatest in appearance to our eyes of all the Planets (the Sun, Moon and Venus excepted;)
- COLOUR & MOTION: In his Colour he is bright, cleer, and of an Azure colour. In his Motion he exceeds Saturn, finishing his course through the twelve Signes in twelve yeers: his middle motion is 4 min. 59 seconds: his Diurnal motion is 8,10,12 or 14 min. hardly any more.
- LATITUDE: His greatest North Latitude is —- 1 38 His greatest South Latitude is —- 1 40
- HOUSES: He hath two of the twelve Signe of the Zodiack for his houses, viz. Sagittarius his Day-house, and Pisces his Night-house. He receives Detriment in Gemini and Virgo. He is Exalted in Cancer, hath his Fall in Capricorn.
- TRIPLICITY: He ruleth the Fiery Triplicity by night, viz. Aries, Leo, Sagattarius.
TERMS: He hath also these degrees allotted for his Tearmes, viz.
In Aries, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
In Taurus, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22.
In Gemini, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14.
In Cancer, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13.
In Leo, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25.
In Virgo, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18.
In Libra, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19.
In Scorpio, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14.
In Sagittarius, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.
In Capricorn, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19.
In Aquarius, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25.
In Pisces, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14.
FACE: He hath assigned him for his Face or Decanate,
Of Gemini, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.
Of Leo, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20.
Of Libra, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
Of Capricorn, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.
Of Pisces, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20.
He is Retrograde about 120 dayes, is five days in his first station before retrogradation, and four dayes stationary before Direction.
- NATURE: He is a Diurnall, Masculine Planet, Temperately Hot and Moyst, Aiery, Sanguine, the greater Fortune, author of Temperance, Modesty, Sobriety, Justice.
- MANNERS & ACTIONSM WHEN WELL DIGNIFIED: Then is he Magnanimous, Faithfull, Bashfull, Aspiring in an honourable way at high matters, in all his actions a Lover of fair Dealing, desiring to benefit all men, doing Glorious things, Honourable and Religious, of sweet and affable Conversation, wonderfully indulgent to his Wife and Children, reverencing Aged men, a great Reliever of the Poor, full of Charity and Godlinesse, Liberal, hating all Sordid actions, Just, Wife, Prudent, Thankfull, Vertuous: so that when you find Jupiter the significator of any man in a Question, or Lord of his Ascendant in a Nativity, and well dignified, you may judge him qualified as abovesaid.
- WHEN ILL: When Jupiter is unfortunate, then he wastes his Patrimony, suffers every one to cozen him, is Hypocritically Religious, Tenacious, and stiffe in maintaining false Tenents in Religion; he is Ignorant, Carelesse, nothing Delightfull in the love of his Friends; of a grosse, dull Capacity, Schismaticall, abating himself in all Companies, crooching and stooping where no necessity is.
- CORPORATURE: He signifies an upright, straight and tall Stature; brown, ruddy and lovely Complexion; of an ovall or long Visage, and it full and fleshy; high Forehead; large gray Eyes; his Hair soft, and a kind of aburn brown; much Beard; a large, deep Belly: Strong proportioned Thighs and Legs; his feet long, being the most indecent parts of his whole Body; in his Speech he is Sober, and of grave Discourse.
- ORIENTALL: The skin more cleer, his complexion Honey-colour, or betwixt a white and red, sanguine, ruddy Colour; great Eyes, the body more fleshy, usually some Mole or Scarre in the right Foot.
- OCCIDENTALL: A pure and lovely Complexion, the Stature more short, the Hair a light Brown, or neer a dark Flaxen; smooth, bald about the Temple or Forehead.
- QUALITY OF MEN: He signifies Judges, Senators, Councellours, Ecclesiasticall men, Bishops, Priests, Ministers, Cardinals, Chancellours, Doctors of the Civill Law, young Schollers and Students in an University or College, Lawyers. Clothiers, Wollen-Drapers.
- SICKNESSES: Plurisies, all Infirmities in the Liver, left Eare, Apoplexies, Inflamation of the Lungs, Palpitations and Trembling of the Heart, Cramps, pain in the Back-bone, all Diseases lying in the Vaines or Ribs, and proceeding from corruption of Blood, Squinzies, Windinesse, all Putrification in the Blood, or Feavers proceeding from too great abundance thereof.
- SAVOURS: He governeth the Sweet or well sented odours; or that Odour which in smell is no way extream or offensive.
- COLOURS: Sea-green or Blew, Purple, Ash-colour, a mixt Yellow and Green.
- HEARBS: Cloves and Clove-sugar, Mace, Nutmeg, Gilly- flower, the Straw-bury, the herb Balsam, Bettony, Centory, Flax, Ars-smart, Fumitory, Lung-wort, Pimpernel, Walwort, Orangy or Wild Margorane, Rubbarb, Self-heale, Borage, Buglosse, Wheat, Willow-hearb, Thorough-Leafe, Violets, Laskwort, Liverwort, Bazil, Pomergranets, Pyony, Liquorish, Mynt, Mastix, the dazy, Feversend, Saffron.
- PLANTS AND TREES: Cherry-tree, Birch-tree, Mulberry-tree, Corall-tree, the Oae, Barburies, Olive, Gooseburies, Almond-tree, the Ivy, Manna, Mace, the Vine, the Fig-tree, the Ash, the Pear-tree, the Hazel, the Beech-tree, the Pyne, Raysons.
- BEASTS, &c: The Sheep, the Heart or Stag, the Doe, the Oxe, Elephant, Dragon, Tyger, Unicorne, those Beasts which are Mild and Gentle, and yet of great benefit to Mankind, are appropriate to him.
- BIRDS, &c: The Stork, the Snipe, the Lark, the Eagle, the Stock-dove, the Partridge, Bees, Pheasant, Peacock, the Hen.
- FISHES: The Dolphin, the Whale, Serpent, Sheath-fish or River Whale.
- PLACES: He delighteth in or neer Alters of Churches, in publick Conventions, Synods, Convocations, in Places neat, sweet, in Wardrobes, Courts of Justice, Oratorie.
- MINERALS & STONES: Tyn. Amethist, the Saphire, the Smarage or Emrald, Hyacinth, Topaz, Chrystal, Bezoar, Marble, and that which in England we call Free-stone.
- WEATHER: He usually produceth serentiy, pleasant and healthful North Winds, and by his gentle Beams all ayes the ill weather of any former Malignant Planets.
- WINDS: He governeth the North Wind, that part which tendeth to the East.
- ORBE: His Radiation or Orbe, is nine degrees before and after any of his aspect.
- GENERATION: He governeth the second and tenth moneth; his proper seat in man is the Liver; and in the Elements he ruleth the Ayre.
- YEERS: His greatest yeers are 428. his greater 79. his mean 45. least 12.
- AGE: Men of middle age, or of a full Judgment and Discretion.
- CLIMATE: He governeth the second Climate.
- COUNTRIES: Babylon, Persia, Hungaria, Spain, Cullen.
- NUMBER: The number of three is attributed to him.
- ANGEL: Zadkiel.
- DAY OF THE WEEK: Thursday, and rules the first hour after Sun rise, and the eighth; the length of the Planetary hour you must know by the rising of the Sun, and a Table hereafter following.
All Planets except Mars are friends to Jupiter. In gathering any Hearb appropraited to Jupiter, see that he be very powerfull either in Essential or Accidental Dignities, and the Moon in some manner in good aspect with him, and if possible, let her be in some of his Dignities, &c.
CHAPTER II OF THE DAYS, AND HOURS, AND OF THE VIRTUES OF THE PLANETS.
The days and hours of Jupiter are proper for obtaining honours, acquiring riches; contracting friendships, preserving health; and arriving at all that thou canst desire.
The hours of the Sun, of Jupiter, and of Venus, are adapted for preparing any operations whatsoever of love, of kindness, and of invisibility, as is hereafter more fully shown, to which must be added other things of a similar nature which are contained in our work.
The hours of the Sun, of Jupiter, and of Venus, particularly on the days which they rule, are good for all extraordinary, uncommon, and unknown operations.
CHAPTER XVIII CONCERNING THE HOLY PENTACLES OR MEDALS
These pentacles are usually made of the metal the most suitable to the nature of the planet; and then there is no occasion to observe the rule of particular colours.
Saturn ruleth over lead;
Jupiter over tin;
Mars over iron;
the Sun over gold;
Venus over copper;
Mercury over the mixture of metals;
and the Moon over silver.
They may also be made with exorcised virgin paper writing thereon with the colours adopted for each planet, referring to the rules already laid down in the proper chapters, and according to the planet with which the pentacle is in sympathy.
Wherefore unto Saturn the colour of black is appropriated;
Jupiter ruleth over celestial blue;
Mars over red;
the Sun over gold, or the colour of yellow or citron;
Venus over green;
Mercury over mixed colours;
the Moon over silver, or the colour of argentine earth.
Bk. I Ch. XXVI What things are under the power of Jupiter, and are called Jovial.
Things under Jupiter,
- amongst Elements, are the Aire:
- amongst humors, blood, and the spirit of life, also all things which respect the encrease, nourishment, and vegetation of the life.
- Amongst tasts such as are sweet, and pleasant.
- Amongst Metals, Tin, Silver, and Gold, by reason of their temperateness:
- Amongst stones,
- the Hyacinth,
- the Emrald,
- green Jasper,
- and aiery colours:
- Amongst Plants and Trees,
- Garden Basil,
- the Violet,
- the Poplar tree,
- and those which are called lucky trees,
- as the Oak,
- the tree aesculus which is like an Oak but much bigger,
- the Holm tree,
- the Beech tree,
- the Hasle tree,
- the Service tree,
- the white Fig tree,
- the Pear tree,
- the Apple tree,
- the Vine,
- the Plum tree,
- the Ash,
- the Dog-tree,
- and the Olive tree,
- and also Oile.
- Also all manner of
- as Barley,
- also Raisins,
- and all such things whose sweetness is manifest, and subtile, partaking somewhat of an astringent, and sharp tast,
- as are Nuts,
- Pistake Nuts,
- roots of Peony,
- and Manna,
- Orpheus adds Storax.
- Amongst Animals such as have some stateliness, and wisdom in them, and those which are mild, well trained up, and of good dispositions,
- as the Hart and Elephant,
- and those which are gentle,
- as Sheep and Lambs:
- Amongst birds, those that are of a temperate complexion,
- as Hens, together with the Yolk of their Eggs.
- Also the Partridge,
- the Pheasant,
- the Swallow,
- the Pellican,
- the Cuckow,
- the Stork,
- birds given to a kind of devotion which are Emblemes of gratitude.
- The Eagle is dedicated to Jupiter, she is the Ensigne of Emperours, and an Embleme of Justice, and Clemency.
- Amongst fish,
- the Dolphin,
- the fish called Anchia,
- the Sheath fish, by reason of his devoutness.
Bk. I Ch. XXXI How Provinces, and Kingdoms are Distributed to Planets.
Under Jupiter with Sagittarius are Tuscana. Celtica, Spain and Happy Arabia: under him with Pisces are Lycia, Lydia, Cilicia, Phamphylia, Paphlagonia, Nasamonia and Libya.
Bk. I Ch. XLIV The Composition of Some Fumes Appropriated to the Planets.
For Jupiter take the seed of ash, lignum aloes, storax, the gum benjamin, the lazule stone, the tops of the feathers of a peacock, and incorporate them with the blood of a stork, or a swallow and the brain of a hart
To Jupiter, odoriferous fruits, such as nutmegs, cloves
Bk. I Ch. XLVII What Places are Suitable to Every Star
Unto Jupiter are ascribed all privileged places, consistories of noble men, tribunals, chairs, places for exercises, schools and all beautiful, and clean places, scattered or sprinkled with divers odors.
Bk. I Ch. XLIV Of Light, Colours, Candles, and Lamps, and to what Stars, Houses, and Elements severall colours are ascribed
Sapphire, and airy colours, and those which are alwaies green, clear, purple, darkish, golden, mixed with Silver, belong to Jupiter.
Bk. II Ch. XXXIX Of the Images of Jupiter.
From the operations of Jupiter,
- they made for prolongation of life, an Image, in the hour of Jupiter, Jupiter being in his exaltation fortunately ascending, in a clear and white stone, whose figure was a man crowned, cloathed with garments of a Saffron Colour, riding upon an Eagle or Dragon, having in his right hand a dart, about as it were to strike it into the head of the same Eagle or Dragon.
- They made also another Image of Jupiter at the same convenient season, in a white and clear stone, especially in Crystall, and it was a naked man crowned, having both his hands joyned together and lifted up, as it were deprecating something, sitting in a four-footed chair, which is carried by four winged boys, and they affirm that this Image encreaseth felicity, riches, honor, and conferreth Benevolence and prosperity, and freeth from enemies;
- They made also another Image of Jupiter for a religious and glorious life, and advancement of fortune; whose figure was a man having the head of a Lyon [lion], or a Ram, and Eagles feet, cloathed in Saffron coloured cloathes, and he was called the son of Jupiter.
Bk 2 Ch. LVIII Of the names of the Celestials, and their rule over this inferiour world, viz. Man.
The names of Celestiall souls are very many, and diverse according to their manifold power and vertue upon these inferior things, from whence they have received divers names, which the ancients in their hymnes and prayer made use of. Concerning which you must observe, that every one of these souls according to Orpheus’s Divinity, is said to have a double vertue; the one placed in knowing, the other in vivifying, and governing its body. Upon this account in the Celestiall spheres, Orpheus cals the former vertue Bacchus, the other a Muse. Hence he is not inebriated by any Bacchus, who hath not first been coupled to his Muse.
in the sphere of Jupiter, Sabasius, and Terpsichore;
Bk 2 Ch. LIX Of the seven governers of the world, the Planets, and of their various names serving to Magicall speeches.
Moreover they did call those governors of the world, (as Hermes calls them) Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, the Sun, Venus, Mercury, and the Moon, by many names, and epithites;
So Jupiter is called as it were a helping Father, the King of heaven, Magnanimous, thundering, lightning, unconquered, high and mighty, great and mighty, good, fortunate, sweet, mild, of good will, honest, pure, walking well, and in honour, the Lord of joy and of judgements, wise, true, the shewer of truth, the judge of all things, excelling all in goodness, the Lord of riches, and wisdome.
Bk. 4 The familiar forms to the Spirits of Jupiter.
The Spirits of Jupiter do appear with a body sanguine and cholerick, of a middle stature, with a horrible fearful motion; but with a milde countenance, a gentle speech, and of the color of Iron. The motion of them is flashings of Lightning and Thunder; their signe is, there will appear men about the circle, who shall seem to be devoured of lions. Their particular forms are,
- A King with a Sword drawn, riding on a Stag.
- A Man wearing a Mitre in long rayment.
- A Maid with a Laurel-Crown adorned with Flowers.
- A Bull.
- A Stag.
- A Peacock.
- An Azure Garment.
- A Sword.
- A Box-tree.
TT: Juno is called by the Orphic theologers, according to Proclus Ζωογόνος ϑεά or the vivific Goddess: an epithet perfectly agreeing with the attributes ascribed to her in this Hymn. And in Theol. Plat. p. 483, he says that Juno is the source of the soul’s procreation. ↩
Zeus Keraunos. ↩
Zeus Astrapaios. ↩
Omitted in English, tuthia in Latin. I suspect means bluestone, or copper sulphate, which can be a striking shade of blue. Alchemists knew it as blue vitriol. ↩